The National Tenth Five-Year Plan for Environmental Protection
State Environmental Protection Administration
The State Council approved the National Tenth Five-Year Plan for Environmental Protection on 26 December 2001, requesting the loca1governments and the various departments to strengthen environmental protection in close relation with the economic restructuring; raise funds for environmental protection through multi-channel in connection with the expansion of the domestic demands, and establish the mechanism of environmental protection with the government playing the dominant role, the market promotion and the public participation.
Planned Indices for Five-Year Plan Period
Unit: 10 thousand tons
B. Indices of Urban Environmental Protection
----The surface water quality in over 60% of the cities above prefecture level will attain the standards based on the functioning zones;
----The ambient noises of road traffic in over 50% of the cities above prefecture leve1and regions will attain the national standards;
----The centralized treatment rate of the urban domestic sewage will reach 45%;
----The rate of gas use in urban households shall reach 92%;
----The incremental capacity of the sanitary treatment of urban garbage will reach150000 tons/day;
----The green established urban areas will reach 35%.
C. Indices of Eco-Environmental Conservation
----The nature reserves will account for over13% of the land territory areas, and the marine nature reserves will hit 40000 km2;
----The natural, mature and over-mature forests will remain stable and the quality will remain stable with certain improvement;
----The growth of the new soil-erosion area, Three-Trends grassland areas and the desertification 1and areas will decrease by 60% compared with that in 2000;
----The ecological rehabilitation of the mining areas will be over 25%.
D. Indices of Rural Environmental Protection
----The water qua1ity in the centralized drinking water sources will basically attain the environmental quality standards;
----The rate of limiting the stalk burning in the stalk burning forbidding zones will reach 95% and the comprehensive utilization rate of the stalk in the entire country will reach 80%;
----The attainment rate of the sewage discharge of the large-scaled animal-poultry farms will reach 60%, with 70% of the feces turned into resources;
----The agriculture irrigation water will basically attain the standards for agriculture irrigation water quality standards and the quality and safety of the agriculture products will be improved on full scale.
4.Indices of Environmental Protection in Key Areas
The pollution prevention of the Three Rivers (Huai River, Hai River and Liao River), Three Lakes (Tai Lake, Chao Lake and Dian Lake), Two-Zones (acid rain control zone and S02 control zone), One City (Beijing) and One Sea (Bo Sea) will be further promoted. Efforts will be devoted to the water pollution treatment in Three-Gorges Reservoir zone and along the Water Diversion Engineering route. The comprehensive water pollution treatment at the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, the middle reaches of the Yellow River and the Songhua River Basin will be kicked off.
Indices of Environmental Protection in Key Areas for Tenth Five-Year Plan
unit: 10 thousand tons
( See Full text in Chinese)
1. Industrial Pollution Prevention
The theme of the industrial pollution prevention is to reduce the total industrial pollutant discharge. The industrial pollutant discharge should attain the standards on full scale and the industria1restructuring and renovation should be promoted. The new pollution should be under strict control so as not to increase the pollution while increasing the production. The backward production capacity with serious pollution should be phased out and efforts should be devoted to the cleaner production.
We should focus on pollution prevention in the sectors such as coal, power, metallurgical industry, non--ferrous metal, petroleum and chemical industry, building-materials and light industry.
2.Urban Environmental Protection
The core of urban environmental protection is to create excellent human habitat environment. The urban water pollution, air pollution, garbage pollution and noise pollution will be treated in a comprehensive way. A batch of model cities of environmental protection will be established.
3.Rural Environmental Protection
The non-point source agriculture pollution and the rural household pollution will be controlled. The rural drinking water sources should be under protection. Great efforts will be devoted to developing ecological agriculture, organic agriculture and water saving agriculture. The safety of the agriculture products should be ensured. The burning of the crop stalks wil1be forbidden and the comprehensive utilization of crop stalks will be promoted.
The environmental protection in small towns should be strengthened. The construction of the environmental infrastructure facilities should be promoted in small towns. Activities of building small towns with beautiful environment will be carried out.
4. Marine Environmental Protection
The Action Plan of Turning Bo Sea clean will be carried out and efforts will be devoted to the comprehensive treatment and management of the environment in Bo Sea. The land-based pollution and marine aquaculture pollution will be treated in an active way. Key efforts will devote to the protection of coral reefs, mangrove forests and the major marine biological resources.
5. Ecological Environmental Conservation
The Outline of National Ecological Environmental Conservation will be implemented, with the western region as the focus. Fifteen national level ecological function reserves and forty provincial level ecological function reserves will be set up. The eco-sphere surrounding Beijing and Tianjin will be set up. The ecological water shall be identified in a scientific way and the guarantee system of the basic flow should be established. The environmental protection of the territory and the mineral resource development should be strengthened and the environmental protection of the tourism should be enhanced. The establishment and management of nature reserves and ecological demonstration zones should be improved. The bio-diversity conservation and bio-safety management should be enhanced.
The environmental supervision of the important engineering projects should be enhanced, such as the projects of transiting the natural gas and power from the west to the east, water diversion, Three-Gorges Reservoir and the Qinghai-Tibetan Railway.
6. The Environmental Supervision and Management of Nuclear Safety and Radiation
The nuclear environmental safety management should be strengthened and the supervision of the nuclear facility operation should be carried out in a strict way. The electro-magnetic radiation pollution in cities should be under control.
( See Full text in Chinese)
1. To establish comprehensive decision-making mechanism and promote the coordinated development of environment and economy;
2. To improve the system of environmental laws and regu1ations and conduct environmental protection according to the laws;
3. To consolidate the governmental regulation with the market mechanism and increase the input of environmental protection;
4. To adopt incentive policy measures and create sound conditions for environmental protection;
5. To enhance the capacity building environmental management and establish modern environmental management;
6. To enhance the researches of environmental sciences and technologies and promote environmental protection by depending on science and technology;
7. To regulate the environmental industry market and promote the development of environmental industries;
8. To strengthen environmental education and publicity and promote the environmental awareness of the public;
9. To participate in the global environmental protection in an active way and conduct international environmental cooperation on wide scale;
10. To carry out the responsibility system of environmental protection and guarantee the implementation effects of the Plan.
V. Investment of Environmental Protection and Key Engineering Projects
( See Full text in Chinese)
Efforts should be devoted to the policy promotion and mechanism creation. With the guidance of the government, the promotion of the market and public participation, key projects will be implemented so as to promote the treatment of environmental pollution and ecological conservation on full scale.
1. Demand of Investment of Environmental Protection Distribution of Environmental Protection Investment in Tenth Five-Year Plan Period
During the Tenth Five-Year Plan period, the total demand of the investment of environmental protection in the entire country will hit 700 billion Yuan, accounting for about 1.3% of the GDP at the same period and about 3.6% of the total fixed investment of the entire society.
Projects of Green Project Plan (Phase II)