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Law on the Exclusive Economic Zone and the Continental Shelf of the People's Republic of China

(Adopted at the 3rd Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Ninth  National People's Congress on June 26, 1998)

 
Article 1 This Law is enacted to ensure that the People's Republic of China  exercise its sovereign rights and jurisdiction over its exclusive economic  zone and its continental shelf and to safeguard its national marine rights  and interests.

Article 2 The exclusive economic zone of the People's Republic of China  covers the area beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea of the  People's Republic of China, extending to 200 nautical miles from the  baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured.

The continental shelf of the People's Republic of China comprises the  sea-bed and subsoil of the submarine areas that extend beyond its  territorial sea throughout the natural prolongation of its land  territory to the outer edge of the continental margin, or to a distance of  200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the  territorial sea is measured where the outer edge of the continental  margin does not extend up to that distance.

The People's Republic of China shall determine the delimitation of its  exclusive economic zone and continental shelf in respect of the  overlapping claims by agreement with the states with opposite or  adjacent coasts, in accordance with the equitable principle and on the basis  of international law.

Article 3 The People's Republic of China exercises its sovereign rights over  the exclusive economic zone for the purpose of exploring, exploiting,  conserving and managing the natural resources of the waters superjacent to  the sea-bed and of the sea-bed and its subsoil, and in its other activities  for economic exploitation and exploration of the zone, such as production of  energy from water, currents and winds.

The People's Republic of China exercises jurisdiction over the  establishment and use of artificial islands, installations and  structures, marine scientific research, and the protection and  preservation of the marine environment in the exclusive economic zone.

The natural resources in the exclusive economic zone referred to in this Law  consist of living and non-living resources.

Article 4 The People's Republic of China exercises its sovereign rights over  the continental shelf for the purpose of exploring it and exploiting  its natural resources.

The People's Republic of China exercises jurisdiction over the  establishment and use of artificial islands, installations and  structures, marine scientific research, and the protection and  preservation of the marine environment on the continental shelf.

The People's Republic of China has the exclusive right to authorize and  regulate drilling on the continental shelf for all purposes.

The natural resources of the continental shelf referred to in this Law  consist of the mineral and other non-living resources of the sea-bed and  subsoil, and the living organisms that belong to sedentary species--  organisms which, at the harvestable stage, either are immobile on or under   the sea-bed or are unable to move except in constant physical contact  with the sea-bed or the subsoil.

Article 5 All international organizations, foreign organizations or  individuals that wish to enter the exclusive economic zone of the  People's Republic of China for fishing shall be subject to approval of the  competent authorities of the People's Republic of China and shall comply  with its laws and regulations as well as the accords and agreements it  has signed with the states concerned.

The competent authorities of the People's Republic of China shall have the  right to take all necessary conservation and management measures to ensure  that the living resources in the exclusive economic zone are protected  from the danger of over-exploitation.

Article 6 The competent authorities of the People's Republic of China shall   have the right to conserve and manage straddling species, highly migratory  species, marine mammals, anadromous stocks that originate in the rivers of  the People's Republic of China, and catadromous species that spend the  greater part of their life cycle in the waters of the People's Republic of  China.

The People's Republic of China enjoys the primary interests in the  anadromous stocks that originate in its rivers.

Article 7 All international organizations, foreign organizations or  individuals that wish to explore the exclusive economic zone of the  People's Republic of China or exploit the natural resources on its  continental shelf or for any purpose to drill on the continental shelf shall   be subject to approval of the competent authorities of the People's  Republic of China and shall comply with the laws and regulations of  the People's Republic of China.

Article 8 The People's Republic of China has the exclusive right to  construct and to authorize and regulate the construction, operation and use  of the artificial islands, installations and structures in its exclusive  economic zone and on its continental shelf.

The People's Republic of China exercises exclusive jurisdiction over the  artificial islands, installations and structures in its exclusive  economic zone and on its continental shelf, including jurisdiction with  regard to customs, fiscal, health and safety laws and regulations, and laws  and regulations governing entry into and exit from the territory of the  People's Republic of China.

The competent authorities of the People's Republic of China shall have the  right to establish safety belts around the artificial islands,  installations and structures in the exclusive economic zone and on the  continental shelf and may take appropriate measures in these belts to  ensure safety both of navigation and of the artificial islands,  installations and structures.

Article 9 All international organizations, foreign organizations or  individuals that wish to conduct marine scientific research in the  exclusive economic zone or on the continental shelf of the People's  Republic of China shall be subject to approval of the competent  authorities of the People's Republic of China and shall comply with the laws  and regulations of the People's Republic of China.

Article 10 The competent authorities of the People's Republic of China shall   have the right to take all necessary measures to prevent, reduce and  control pollution of the marine environment for the protection and  preservation of the marine environment in the exclusive economic zone and  on the continental shelf.

Article 11 All states shall, on the premise that they comply with  international law and the laws and regulations of the People's Republic of  China, enjoy the freedom of navigation in and flight over its exclusive   economic zone, the freedom to lay submarine cables and pipelines and  the convenience of other lawful uses of the sea related to the freedoms  mentioned above in the exclusive economic zone and on the continental shelf  of the People's Republic of China. The routes for the submarine cables and  pipelines shall be subject to consent of the competent authorities of the  People's Republic of China.

Article 12 The People's Republic of China may, in the exercise of its  sovereign rights to explore its exclusive economic zone and to exploit,  conserve and manage the living resources there, take such necessary  measures as visit, inspection, arrest, detention and judicial  proceedings in order to ensure that the laws and regulations of the  People's Republic of China are complied with.

The People's Republic of China has the right to take necessary measures  against violations of its laws and regulations in its exclusive economic zone  and on its continental shelf and to investigate for legal  responsibility according to law, and may exercise the right of hot  pursuit.

Article 13 The People's Republic of China exercises, in accordance with  international law and other relevant laws and regulations of the  People's Republic of China, the rights in its exclusive economic zone and  on its continental shelf that are not provided for in this Law.

Article 14 The provisions in this Law shall not affect the rights that the  People's Republic of China has been enjoying ever since the days of the past.

Article 15 The Government of the People's Republic of China may  formulate relevant regulations on the basis of this Law.

Article 16 This Law shall go into effect as of the date of promulgation.

Where the entry port is changed; or

(4) Where the valid period of import permits is exceeded.

Article 16 China's statutory quarantine requirements prescribed in  Article 11 of the Law on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine are  referred to the requirements for animal and plant quarantine stipulated  by the Chinese laws, administrative rules and regulations as well as by the  competent department agriculture administration under the State Council.

Article 17 The State shall institute a registration system for foreign units   in the production, processing and storage of animal or plant products  for exporting into China. Such specific procedures shall be formulated by  the competent department of agriculture administration under the State  Council.

Article 18 With respect to import animals and plants, their products or other  quarantine objects, the owner, or his or her agent shall apply to the port  animal and plant quarantine office at the port of entry for quarantine  inspection before or on their entry. If they are subject to being  transferred away from a customs surveillance zone for quarantine inspection  and when they are transported to the designated place, the owner, or his  or her agent shall notify the relevant port animal and plant quarantine  office. In the case of goods of transit customs, the owner, or his or her  agent shall, on their entry, declare to the port animal and plant  quarantine office at the port of entry; when they are delivered to the  designated place, the owner, or his or her agent shall apply to the port  animal and plant quarantine office at the port of the designated place for  quarantine inspection.

Whoever imports breeding stock and poultry, or their semens and embryos shall   apply for quarantine inspection thirty (30) days prior to their entry;  whoever imports other animals shall apply for quarantine inspection  fifteen (15) days prior to their entry; whoever imports plant seeds,  seedlings or other propagating materials shall apply for quarantine  inspection seven (7) days prior to their entry.

With respect to the packaging materials or bedding/padding materials of  animal or plant nature on their entry, the owner, or his or her agent shall   timely apply to the port animal and plant quarantine office for quarantine  inspection; the animal and plant quarantine office may, in the light of  specific circumstances, conduct quarantine inspection over the declared  objects.

The packaging materials or bedding/padding materials of animal or plant  nature prescribed in the preceding paragraph refer to animal products,  plants or plant products directly used as packaging materials or  bedding/padding materials.

Article 19 In applying to the port animal and plant quarantine office for  quarantine inspection, the application form shall be filled out, and documents   such as the quarantine certificate issued by the animal and plant  quarantine office under the government of the export country or region,  certificate of origin, trade contract, letter of credit and invoices shall  be submitted; if import permits are required according to the law, they  shall be submitted; If there is no valid quarantine certificate issued by  the animal and plant quarantine offices under the government of the export  country or region, or in the case of failing to get import permits  according to law, the port animal and plant quarantine office may,  return or destroy them in the light of specific circumstances.

Article 20 When import animals or plants, their products or other  quarantine objects are delivered to a port of entry, the quarantine  officers may embark on the means of transport or arrive at the goods site  to conduct quarantine inspection and verify the goods against their  certificates to see whether they are in conformity with each other, and may  collect samples according to relevant regulations. The carrier, owner, or  his or her agent shall provide the quarantine officers with the bills of  lading and relevant documents.

Article 21 When carriers loaded with animals arrive at the port of  entry, the person who go up to and come down from the carriers or those who  approach the animals shall be subject to disinfection procedures conducted  by the port animal and plant quarantine office, and other on- the-spot  preventive measures adopted by the office shall be carried out.

Article 22 The quarantine officers shall conduct on-the-spot quarantine  inspection in accordance with the following previsions:

(1) Animals: To examine animals to see if animals have clinical symptoms of  infectious diseases. If the animals are suspected of suffering from  infectious diseases or are found dead, they shall be dealt with  immediately after the case has been verified through investigation  together with the owners or escorts. With respect to the bedding  materials, remaining feed stuffs and excrements of animals, the  treatments of disinfection and disinfestation shall, under the  supervision of the quarantine officers, be made by the owner, or his or her  agent.

(2) Animal products: To examine animal products to see if they have gone  rotten or bad; to examine their containers and packages whether to be kept  in good shape. If such products meet the requirements, they will be permitted  to be unloaded from the means of transport. If the packages are found to  have come loose and the containers are found to be broken, such products can  be unloaded from the means of transport only after the packages and  containers are put into shape by the owner, or his or her agent. In the light  of circumstances, the relevant sections of the means of transport, the  containers for carrying animal products, the surfaces of the packages, the  bedding materials and the contaminated fields shall be disinfected. If a  quarantine inspection in laboratory is required to be conducted, samples  shall be collected in accordance with the regulations. With respect to  the animal products which are apt to be the habitat for insect pests or mix  with weed seeds, a plant quarantine for such animal products shall, at the  same time, be conducted.

(3) Plants and plant products: To examine the goods and the packaging  materials to see if there are diseases, insect pests and other harmful  organisms, and samples of them shall be collected in accordance with the  regulations. If diseases, insect pests and other harmful organisms are found   and are liable to be spread, the necessary preventive measures against  spread shall immediately be adopted for such goods, the means of transport  and the spots of loading and unloading. With respect to the plant products  which come from animal epidemic areas or are apt to carry pathogenic organisms  of infectious or parasitic diseases of animals, and which are used for feed  stuffs of animals, an animal quarantine for such plant products shall, at the  same time, be conducted.

(4) With respect to packaging materials and bedding/padding materials of  animal and plant nature: To examine them whether to carry diseases,  insect pests and other harmful organisms whether to mix up weed seeds and  to be stained with soil, and samples of them shall be collected according  to relevant provisions.

(5) With respect to other quarantine objects: To examine the packages  whether to be kept in good shape or the objects whether to be  contaminated by diseases, insect pests and other harmful organisms. If the  packages are found to be broken or the objects are found to be  contaminated by diseases, insect pests and other harmful organisms, they shall  be subject to a treatment of disinfection and disinfestation.

Article 23 With respect to the staple animal and plant products  transported by ships or trains, the inspection in their different layers shall   be conducted on the spot; if an on-the-spot inspection is unable to be  conducted due to the limitation of storing spaces at a harbour or railway  station, a portion of the above products may, upon the agreement of the port  animal and plant quarantine office, be unloaded while the other may be  transported away to the designated places for storage. If epidemic diseases  or insect pests are discovered by means of quarantine inspection in the  process of unloading, the unloading shall immediately be stopped. With  respect to the goods having been unloaded or not unloaded yet, the owner,  or his or her agent shall, in accordance with the requirements of the port  animal and plant quarantine office, conduct treatments of disinfection and  disinfestation for the above goods respectively, and take the measures  for the precaution against the spread of the epidemic diseases; the loading  or unloading facilities and the sites contaminated by the diseases, insect  pests and other harmful organisms shall be also subject to a treatment of   disinfection and disinfestation.

Article 24 The import large or medium size breeding stock shall be  subject to quarantine for forty-five (45) days in animal isolation  facilities established by the State Administration of Animal and Plant  Quarantine; other import animals shall be subject to quarantine for  thirty (30) days in animal isolation facilities designated by the port  animal and plant quarantine offices. The management for animal isolation  facilities shall be worked out by the competent department of  agriculture administration under the State Council.

Article 25 When the import animal and plant products in the same lot are  unloaded at different ports, the port animal and plant quarantine office shall   conduct quarantine inspection only for the goods unloaded at the port. The  port animal and plant quarantine office at the port where the above-mentioned  goods were unloaded in earlier dates shall timely inform the port animal and  plant quarantine offices at other unloading ports of the results of the  quarantine inspection and the treatment; if a certificate is needed to be  issued, the port animal and plant quarantine office at the port where the  above-mentioned goods have been completely unloaded shall issue a quarantine  certificate after the collection of the results of quarantine inspections.

If epidemic diseases or insect pests are found through quarantine  inspection at an unloading port and a treatment of fumigation and  disinfection in the ship must be conducted, the port animal and plant  quarantine office at this unloading port shall issue a quarantine  certificate, and shall timely notify the port animal and plant  quarantine offices at other unloading ports.

Article 26 The import animals and plants, their products or other  quarantine objects shall be subject to quarantine inspection in  accordance with the state standards and the industry standards of China as  well as with relevant directives of the State Administration of Animal  and Plant Quarantine.

Article 27 If the import animals and plants, their products or other  quarantine objects pass the quarantine inspection, the port animal and plant   quarantine office shall affix a stamp on the customs declaration form or  issue a "Quarantine Release Notice"; if such import objects are required to  be transferred away from the surveillance zone of a Customs at an entry port  for quarantine inspection, the port animal and plant quarantine office at   the entry port shall issue a "Quarantine Transference Notice". The  owner, or his or her agent shall handle the formalities of customs  declaration, transportation and delivery on the strength of the stamps on the  customs declaration forms affixed, or the "Quarantine Release Notice" or  the "Quarantine Transference Notice" issued, by the port animal and plant  quarantine office. After verifying, the Customs shall clearance the import   animals and plants, their products or other quarantine objects on the  strength of the stamps on the customs declaration forms affixed, or the  "Quarantine Release Notice" or the "Quarantine Transference Notice"  issued, by the port animal and plant quarantine office. The departments of  transportation or post shall transport or deliver the above-mentioned  objects on the strength of the above Notices. No further quarantine  inspection is needed at domestic quarantine offices during the  period of transportation and delivery within the country.

Article 28 If the import animals and plants, their products or other  quarantine objects fail in the quarantine inspection, the port animal and  plant quarantine office shall issue a "Quarantine Treatment Notice", and  shall notify the owner, or his or her agent to conduct such treatments  as disinfection and disinfestation under the supervision and technical  guidance of the port animal and plant quarantine office. If a claim for  compensation from outside party is required, the port animal and plant  quarantine office shall issue a quarantine certificate.

Article 29 Out of quarantine needs, the State Administration of Animal and  Plant Quarantine may, with the consent of relevant institution under the  government of countries or regions exporting animals and plants or their  products, dispatch its quarantine officers to conduct pre-export quarantine  inspection or supervision over loading or investigations on epidemic  situation at the places of production.

Article 30 The animals and plants, their products or other quarantine  objects on illegal entry intercepted and captured by such departments as the  customs and frontier inspection stations shall be delivered to the port  animal and plant quarantine office in the neighbourhood for quarantine  inspection.

Article 31 The owner, or his or her agent shall submit the trade  contracts or agreements when going through the formalities of applying for  quarantine inspection for the exit animals and plants, their products  or other quarantine objects according to law.

Article 32 If the import country requests China to register the units  relating to the production, processing and storage of animals and  plants, their products or other quarantine objects for exporting to such a  country, the port animal and plant quarantine office may put them under  registrations, and shall submit the relevant files to the State  Administration of Animal and Plant Quarantine.

Article 33 Export animals subject to pre-export quarantine shall be put in  quarantine station/post-entry quarantine station designated by port animal  and plant quarantine offices. With respect to the export plants, animal or  plant products or other quarantine objects, the quarantine inspection may  be conducted in the ware-houses or freight yards; the quarantine inspection   may also be conducted in the process of their production and processing if  necessary.

Pre-export quarantine plants, animal or plant products or other  quarantine objects to be quarantined before exit shall be adequate in  quantity, well packed, and neatly placed with clear marks.

Article 34 The basis of quarantine inspection for the export animals and  plants, their products or other quarantine objects are as follows:

(1) Regulations on animal and plant quarantine stipulated by importing  countries or regions, and China;

(2) Bilateral quarantine agreements; and

(3) The quarantine requirements specified in trade contracts.

Article 35 When the animals and plants, their products or other  quarantine objects that have passed the quarantine inspection conducted by  the port animal and plant quarantine office at the place of start shipment   are transported to the port of their exit, they shall be handled in  accordance with the following stipulations:

(1) Exit animals shall be subject to clinical examination or  reinspection by the port animal and plant quarantine office at the exit port;

(2) Plants, animal or plant products or other quarantine objects to be  shipped from the place of start shipment to the port of exit by the  origional means of transport shall be checked and cleared by port animal and  plant quarantine office of exit; whereas those to be shipped out by means of  transport different from the origional ones should be cleared only after the  origional certificates are replaced;

(3) A re-application for quarantine inspection shall be submitted if the  plants, animal or plant products or other quarantine objects are  subsequently packed after their arrival at the port of exit; or if there are  different requirements for quarantine inspection due to the change of the  importing country or region; or if the stipulated valid period of quarantine  is exceeded.

Article 36 If the export animals and plants, their products or other  quarantine objects that have passed the quarantine inspection conducted by  the port animal and plant quarantine office at the place of start shipment  are transported to the port of their exit, the departments of transportation  and post shall transport or deliver them on the strength of the quarantine  certificate issued by the port animal and plant quarantine office at the  port of start shipment. No further quarantine inspection is needed at  domestic quarantine offices within the country.

Article 37 If a transit (including the transshipping, similarly  hereinafter) of animals and plants, their products or other quarantine  objects through the Chinese territory is requested, the carrier or the  escort shall at the port of entry submit the bills of lading and the  certificates issued by the animal and plant quarantine offices under the  government of the export country or region to the port animal and plant  quarantine office and apply for quarantine inspection; if a transit of  animals is requested, in addition, the "Animal Transit License" issued by  the State Administration of Animal and Plant Quarantine shall, at the same  time, be submitted.

Article 38 When the transit animals are transported to the port of  entry, the means of transport and the surfaces of containers shall be  disinfected and the animals shall be subject to clinical examination  conducted by the port animal and plant quarantine office at the port of  entry. If they pass the quarantine inspection, a transit through the  territory is permitted. The port animal and plant quarantine office at the  port of entry may send its officers to supervise the transportation of the  transit animals to port of exit, and no further quarantine inspection  shall be conducted by animal and plant quarantine office at the port of exit.

Article 39 The means of transport carrying the transit plants, animal or plant  product or other quarantine objects, packages and containers must be kept  in good shape. If the means of transport or the packing materials and  containers are found to be liable to result in the dispersion and  leakage on the way upon the examination conducted by the port animal and  plant quarantine office, the carrier or the escort shall, according to  the requirements of the port animal and plant quarantine office, adopt  hermetically-sealed measures; if hermetically- sealed measures are unable to  be adopted, no transit through the country shall be permitted.

CHAPTER VI QUARANTINE ON CARRIED OR MAILED ITEMS

Article 40 If the plant seeds, seedlings or other propagating materials  carried or mailed into the country have not got the import permits  according to law, the port animal and plant quarantine office shall  conduct such treatment as return or destroy. If mailed items are  returned, the port animal and plant quarantine office shall state the  reasons for return on both the mailed items and the delivering notes; if the  mailed items are destroyed, the port animal and plant quarantine office  shall issue a notice and inform the sender accordingly.

Article 41 Those who carry animals and plants, their products or other  quarantine objects into the country, shall declare to the Customs at a port  of entry, and the above items shall be subject to quarantine inspection  by the port animal and plant quarantine office. The Customs shall timely  deliver the animals and plants, their products or other quarantine objects  declared to or captured by it to the port animal and plant quarantine  office for quarantine inspection. No items shall be carried into the country  without quarantine inspection.

Article 42 The port animal and plant quarantine office may make  inspection at passengeways and luggage claim areas in seaports, airports and  stations. As for those who may possibly carry animals or plants, their  products, or other quarantine objects and have not yet made the declaration,   inquiries and selective inspections may be made. If necessary, their  parcels (luggages) may be opened for inspection.

Check counters and relevant signs for animal and plant quarantine shall be  set up at the entry or exit inspection site.

Article 43 Whoever carries animals into the country must hold health  certificate issued by the animal and plant quarantine office under the  government of the exporting country or region. Such animals shall be  released only after they pass the quarantine inspection; whoever carries such  pets as dogs and cats into the country must, in addition, hold vaccination   certificate. If they fail to hold such health certificate and vaccination  certificate, the port animal and plant quarantine office shall return the  above animals within a prescribed limit period or confiscate them for  destroy. If such animals are returned within a limit period, the person who  carries it must, within the prescribed limit period, take them back on the  strength of the detention notice issued by the port animal and plant  quarantine office, and carry them to leave the country; if the person who  carries it fails to do so within the above limit period, such animals shall  be treated as voluntary abandonment.

If the plants, animal or plant products or other quarantine objects  carried into the country pass the quarantine inspection on the spot, they  shall be immediately released; if a quarantine inspection in  laboratories or in isolation is required, the port animal and plant  quarantine office shall issue a detention notice. If they pass the  quarantine inspection, the person who carries shall take them back on the  strength of detention notice issued by the port animal and plant quarantine  office; if the person who carries it fails to take them back within a  prescribed limit period, they shall be treated as voluntary abandonment.

The animals and plants, their products or other quarantine objects as  specified in Article 29 of the Law on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant   Quarantine shall be prohibited to be carried or mailed into the country.

Article 44 The animals and plants, their products or other quarantine  objects mailed into the country shall be quarantined by the port animal and  plant quarantine office at the International Post and Telegram Exchange  Center (including the International Postage Express Company and other units  engaged in international postage, hereinafter referred to as the post  offices). The post offices shall provide necessary working conditions.

If the items pass the on-the-spot quarantine inspection, the port animal and  plant quarantine office shall affix a quarantine release seal, and shall  transfer them to the post offices for transportation and delivery. If a  quarantine inspection in laboratory or in quarantine station/post- entry  quarantine station is needed, the port animal and plant quarantine office  shall deal the handing over formalities with the post offices; if they pass  the quarantine inspection, a quarantine release seal shall be affixed and  they shall be referred to the post offices for transportation and  delivery.

Article 45 If the animals or plants, their products or other quarantine  objects carried or mailed into the country fail in quarantine inspection and  are, in addition, unable to be treated by disinfection and  disinfestation with effective methods, such objects shall be returned or  destroyed, and the Quarantine Treatment Notice shall be issued, which shall  be handed over to the carrier or sender.

CHAPTER VII QUARANTINE OF MEANS OF TRANSPORT

Article 46 With respect to the ships, airplanes and trains from animal and  plant epidemic or infected/infested areas, the officers of a port animal and  plant quarantine office may embark on the ships, airplanes or trains to  perform on-the-spot quarantine inspection. The persons in charge of the  relevant means of transport shall respond to inquiries of quarantine by  providing such information as shipping logs and goods hauling conditions.  They are also required to open the cabins for quarantine inspection and  sign for inquory records.

The port animal and plant quarantine service shall conduct quarantine  inspection of all areas or sections where disease, insect pests and other   harmful organisms may be concealed, including dining carriages, food  ditribution cabins, catering cabins, kitchens, storerooms food cabins  where animal and plant products are stored or consumed, swills, dumping  areas for waste of animal or plant products, and their containers.  If necessary, a disinfection for the precaution against epidemics shall be  conducted.

Article 47 If the ships, airplanes or trains from animal or plant  epidemic or infected/infested areas are, upon quarantine inspection, found  to be contaminated by the diseases, insect pests and other harmful organisms  as listed in the prescribed list of Article 18 of the Law on the Entry and  Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine, such ships, airplanes or trains must be  treated by fumigation, disinfection or other disinfestation. If the  animals or plants, their products or other quarantine objects prohibited  to enter the country are found in such ships, airplanes or trains, the  above objects must be sealed up or destroyed; if the above objects are  sealed up, during their stay or transportation period within the territory  of China, they shall not be unsealed for use without the approval of the  port animal and plant quarantine office. The swills and wastes of animal  and plant nature on the means of transport, or the places and containers  for dumping the above swills and wastes shall, under the supervision of the  port animal and plant quarantine office, be treated by  disinfection and disinfestation.

Article 48 The vehicles from animal and plant epidemic or  infected/infested areas shall be disinfected for the precaution against  epidemics by the port animal and plant quarantine office at the port of  entry. The vehicles carrying animals and plants, their products or other  quarantine objects together with the cargoes shall, if any diseases,  insect pests or other harmful organisms are discovered through  quarantine inspection, be subject to a treatment of disinfection and  disinfestation. The whole body of vehicles returning from Hong Kong and Macao   areas after unloading animals there must be disinfected and sterilized.

Article 49 The old and disused vessels entering the country for  disassembling purposes shall be quarantined by the port animal and plant  quarantine office. If diseases, insect pests or other harmful organisms are  discovered, the above mentioned vessels shall, under the supervision of the  port animal and plant quarantine office, be subjected to a treatment of  disinfection and disinfestation. If the animal or plants, their products or   other quarantine objects prohibited to enter the country are discovered,  such objects shall, under the supervision of port animal and plant  quarantine office, be destroyed.

Article 50 If the person in charge of the means of transport from the  animal or plant epidemic or infected/infested areas for entering the  country or, his or her agent requests an issuance of a certificate after the  above means of transport passed the quarantine inspection, or passed the  quarantine inspection after the treatment by disinfection, a  "Quarantine certificate for the Means of Transport" or a "Disinfection  Certificate for the Means of Transport" shall be issued by the port  animal and plant quarantine office.

Article 51 During the period when the entry or exit means of transport stay   within the territory of China, the staff and workers of  transportation or other shall not be allowed to bring the animals or  plants, their products or other quarantine objects away from the means of  transport; if it is necessary to bring them away from the means of  transport, an application shall be submitted to the port animal and plant  quarantine office for quarantine inspection.

Article 52 The means of transport loaded with animals for leaving the  country shall, before loading, be disinfected under the supervision of the  port animal and plant quarantine office.

The means of transport loaded with plants, animal or plant products or other   quarantine objects for leaving the country shall conform to the state  regulations on animal and plant epidemics prevention and quarantine  inspection. If diseases, insect pests or other harmful organisms  dangerous to animals or plants, or common diseases, insect pests or other  harmful organisms exceeding the stipulated standards are discovered, the  means of transport shall be loaded and delivered only after a treatment of  disinfection and disinfestation.

CHAPTER VIII QUARANTINE SUPERVISION

Article 53 With respect to the process of production, processing or  storage of the entry or exit animals and plants or their products, the State  Administration of Animal and Plant Quarantine and the port animal and plant  quarantine offices shall institute a quarantine supervision system. The  specific stipulations shall be worked out by the competent department of  agriculture administration under the State Council.

Article 54 If the entry or exit animals, plant seeds and seedlings or other   propagating materials need to be kept or planted in quarantine  station/post-entry quarantine station, the above-mentioned objects shall be  subject to the quarantine supervision of the port animal and plant  quarantine office during the period of isolation.

Article 55 Any units and engaged in the treatments of fumigation and  disinfection for the entry or exit animal and plant quarantine must pass the  examination and verification conducted by the port animal and plant  quarantine office.

The port animal and plant quarantine office shall supervise and guide the  work of fumigation and disinfection, and shall be in charge of issuing  fumigation or disinfection certificates.

Article 56 With respect to the places such as airports, seaports,  railways or bus stations, ware-houses, processing factories and farms where   the entry or exit animals or plants, their products or other quarantine  objects are produced, processed or stored, the port animal and plant  quarantine office may, in the light of requirements, conduct animal or plant  epidemic monitoring, and coordination shall be offered by relevant units.

The instruments for animal or plant epidemics monitoring shall not be  removed or damaged without the permission of the port animal and plant  quarantine office.

Article 57 The animal and plant quarantine office may, in the light of  requirements, put seals and marks of animal and plant quarantine on the means   of transport or containers loaded with the entry or exit animals or plants,   their products or other quarantine objects; the seals and marks of  quarantine shall not be removed or damaged without the permission of  the port animal and plant quarantine office.

The seals and marks of animal and plant quarantine shall be made and  distributed in a unified manner by the State Administration of Animal and  Plant Quarantine.

Article 58 If the entry animals and plants, their products or other  quarantine objects, the containers loaded with and packages used for  packing materials carrying and packing animals and plants, their  products or other quarantine objects are transported into bonded  districts (including bonded factories, bonded ware-houses, etc.), they  shall, according to law, be quarantined at the entry port; the port  animal and plant quarantine office may, in the light of specific  circumstances, perform quarantine supervision; if the above mentioned  objects after the processing are transported for leaving the country, they   shall be handled in accordance with relevant regulations on quarantine  inspection over the exit objects in the Law on the Entry and Exit Animal and  Plant Quarantine and these regulations.

Article 59 If any one commits one of the following acts in violation of the  laws, a fine of not more than RMB 5000 yuan shall be imposed by the port  animal and plant quarantine office:

(1) Failing to apply for quarantine inspection or failing to go through the  import permits according to law or failing to follow the provisions on import  permits; or

(2) Showing inconsistency between the animals or Plants, their products or  other quarantine objects declared for quarantine inspection and those actually  imported.

If any violation are involved in the acts as specified in items (2) of the  preceding paragraph, the quarantine certificate already issued shall be  revoked.

Article 60 If any one commits one of the following acts in violation of the  laws, a fine of not more than RMB 30000 yuan but not less than RMB 3000  yuan shall be imposed by the port animal and plant quarantine office:

(1) Unloading animals or plants, their products or other quarantine  objects entering or transiting through the country from the means of  transport or transporting or delivering the above objects without the  permission of the port animal and plant quarantine office;

(2) Transferring or disposing of, without authorization, the animals or  plants subjected to quarantine inspection in a quarantine station/post- entry  quarantine station designated by the port animal and plant quarantine  office;

(3) Unpacking, without authorization, the packages of transit animals or  plants, their products or other quarantine objects, or removing or  damaging, without authorization, the seals and marks of animal and plant  quarantine; or

(4) Casting away, without authorization, dead body, excrements, bedding  materials or other wastes of transit animals, or disposing of, not in  accordance with the regulations, the swills and wastes of animal or plant  nature on the means of transport.

Article 61 If the entry or exit animals or plants, their products or other   quarantine objects produced, processed or stored in a unit which is  registered in accordance with the provisions of Article 17 and 32 of these  Regulations fail to pass the quarantine inspection, such above- mentioned  objects shall, in accordance with relevant provisions of these Regulations, be  returned, destroyed or disinfested, and in addition, if the cases are  serious, the registration for such unit shall be revoked by the port animal  and plant quarantine office.

Article 62 If any one commits one of the following acts in violation of laws,  criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law; if a crime  is not yet constituted, or if a criminal punishment is not needed to be  sentenced according to law because the criminal cases are obviously slight,  the port animal and plant quarantine office shall impose a fine of not  more than RMB 50000 yuan but not less than RMB 20000 yuan:

(1) Causing serious animal or plant epidemics; or

(2) Forging or altering the quarantine certificates or notes, stamps, seals  and marks.

Article 63 If any units and engaged in the treatment of fumigation and  disinfection for the entry or exit animal and plant quarantine fail to  conduct the treatment of fumigation and disinfection in accordance with the  regulations, the port animal and plant quarantine office may, in the light of  circumstances, revoke their qualification for conducting the treatment of  fumigation and disinfection.

CHAPTER X SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS

Article 64 As used in the Law on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant  Quarantine and in these regulations, the following terms mean:

(1) "plant seeds, seedlings and other propagating materials" means the  cultivated or wild plants or parts of such plants for propagation, such as  plants, nursery stock (including test-tube seedlings), fruits, seeds, stock,  scions, cuttings, leaf blades, buds, root tubers, stem tubers, bulbs, corms,  pollen and cell culture materials;

(2) "Loading Containers" means the containers such as cages, boxes,  barrels and baskets which may be reused, and be liable to be  contaminated by diseases, insect pests or other harmful organisms for  loading entry and exit goods;

(3) "Other harmful organisms" means all kinds of organisms harmful to  animals or plants such as biological organisms, pathogenic  microorganisms and mollusk, rodents, mites, myriopods and vectors and  intermediate host of dangerous diseases and insect pests except for the lists   of infectious or parasitic diseases of animals and the diseases, pests or  weeds dangerous to plants; and

(4) "Quarantine Certificate" means the documents with legal force on the  health or the sanitary status of animals or plants, animal or plant  products, or other quarantine objects issued by the port animal and plant   quarantine office such as the "Animal Quarantine Certificate",  "Phytosanitary Certificate", "Animal Health Certificate", "Veterinary  Certificate" and "Fumigation/Disinfection Certificate".

Article 65 The required expenses or the losses incurred in quarantine  inspection or the treatment of fumigation, disinfection, returning or  destruction for the entry and exit animals or plants, their products or other   quarantine objects shall be born by the owner, or his or her agent.

Article 66 When the port animal and plant quarantine office needs to  collect samples in conducting quarantine inspection according to law, a  receipt for collecting samples shall be issued; with respect to the  remainder of the samples after quarantine, the owner, or his or her agent  may take them back within the period of the stipulated time limit; if the  owner or his or her agent fails to take them back within the stipulated  time limit, the port animal and plant quarantine office shall dispose of them  in accordance with relevant regulations.

Article 67 The department in charge of the quarantine of animal products  leaving the country for trade purpose shall be designated by the State  Council as it deems appropriate.

Article 68 These regulations shall come into force as of January 1, 1997.  

(This English version is for your reference only.In case any discrepancy exists between the Chinese and English context, the Chinese version shall prevail.)

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