By Lv Wangshu
BEIJING, Aug. 29, CENEWS-The IAEA Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) mission to China kicked off in Beijing today. MEP Vice Minister and NNSA Administrator Li Ganjie delivered remarks at the kick-off meeting that was chaired by Chief Engineer for Nuclear Safety Liu Hua.
Li began the meeting by extending warm welcome on behalf of MEP and NNSA to the IRRS mission. He commented that as one of the most influential international peer review services offered by IAEA, IRRS has substantially contributed to the improvement of the nuclear and radiation safety regulatory systems and the enhancement of the regulatory capacity of member states, and to maintaining and uplifting the nuclear and radiation safety level of the member states and the world as a whole. The Chinese Government has invited the IAEA to review its nuclear and radiation regulator for three times, and the reviews have played an active role in elevating the nuclear and radiation regulatory levels at different historical stages.
Li pointed out that China has always attached great importance to the nuclear and radiation safety, established a basic principle for all nuclear and radiation activities, which is, “safety first and quality priority”, and introduced a regulatory system which both meets the international standards and is suited to China’s national circumstances, and always kept it running efficiently. Especially since 2010, China has studied and drawn lessons and experience from Fukushima nuclear incident, and taken all respects up to new levels, which can be demonstrated by the following facts.
First, the guiding ideas have been made clearer. President Xi Jinping put forward the “rational, balanced, and hand-in-hand” outlook on nuclear safety at the third Nuclear Security Summit, to lead and guide the national effort in nuclear regulation. Also, China has established certain principles and concepts and condensed invaluable experience in the areas of nuclear and radiation safety regulation. To be specific, the principles mean “exercising strict self-discipline, being discreet, being meticulous, and seeking truth from facts”, the concepts refer to “being independent, open, law-based, rational, and effective” , and the experience is “adhering to guidance by safety culture, adhering to administration by law, adhering to the problem-oriented principle, adhering to strict management, adhering to mechanisms-based principle, following international standards, keeping making improvements, consolidating the groundwork, adhering to team work, and acting it now”.
Second, the organizational structure and the teams have been bettered. The nuclear and radiation regulatory team in China now reaches a scale of 100 members at the headquarters, 1,000 members at the central government level, and 10,000 members on a national level.
Third, the legislative regimes have been more complete. China has released and implemented 21 nuclear and radiation safety regulations and standards since 2010.
Fourth, more supports have been given to safety regulation. The Central Government has spent much more in nuclear and radiation safety regulation, and the project on national technological R&D base for nuclear and radiation safety regulation has already commenced.
Fifth, the international cooperation has been deepened. At the fourth Nuclear Security Summit, President Xi Jinping declared to share China’s experience in regulation over nuclear power safety with the international community, and offered to, through the platform of the above said technological R&D base, help other countries enhance their regulatory capacities whenever they need. Also, China has concluded or renewed 14 bilateral cooperation agreements since 2010. And senior officials with the NNSA have presided over the review meetings of the Convention on Nuclear Safety and other major international conferences.
Li stressed that China as a major user of nuclear energy and nuclear technologies, to keep and elevate its nuclear and radiation safety level is an inherent requirement, and a responsibility for the world as well. China has fully recognized what the international peer review means to elevating its own nuclear and radiation regulation level. Throughout the review, we will work with the experts of the IRRS mission to analyze unbiasedly how the nuclear and radiation safety is being regulated in China, discuss the ongoing and future problems and challenges, and take the country’s regulation capacity up to a new level.
Ramzi Jammal, leader of the IAEA IRRS mission and Executive Vice President of Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), delivered remarks on behalf of the mission. He said that the IRRS mission highly values this review, they will follow the “honesty, transparency, and diligence” principle, and have in-depth communications and meticulous discussions with Chinese side in the following two weeks, and together make sure the review to be concluded successfully.
(This English version is for your reference only.In case any discrepancy exists between the Chinese and English context, the Chinese version shall prevail.)